Abstract: Almost twenty years ago, a hostile debate over whether government could regulate encryption — later named the Crypto Wars — seized the country. At the center of this debate stirred one simple question: is encryption protected speech? This issue touched all branches of government percolating from Congress, to the President, and eventually to the federal courts. In a waterfall of cases, several United States Court of Appeals appeared to reach a consensus that encryption was protected speech under the First Amendment, and with that the Crypto Wars appeared to be over, until now.


The United States policy directive on Cyber Incident Co-ordination was introduced July 26, 2016 and is a comprehensive read on how the government directives will be rolled out.

In Canada, employers are now responsible for protecting their workers on social media